The relationship between a population and its food supply is a matter of prime importance. With the world’s population expected to grow from 7.7 billion today (as it was declared at the end of 2018) to 9.1 billion by 2050, a certain Malthusian alarmism has set in: how will all these extra mouths be fed? Therefore I suggest my ideas in the following ways and I strongly believe that the task of feeding the world’s population will be easily possible.
Today, nearly two-thirds of the world’s hungry people are farmers and pastoralists who live in marginal lands in Asia and Africa, where agro-climatic stresses or extreme remoteness make agricultural production especially risky and costly. Africa has been the region of greatest concern. High rates of population growth and little application of improved production technology during the past three decades have resulted in declining per capita food production, escalating food deficits, deteriorating nutritional levels among the rural poor, and devastating environmental degradation.
But African capacity in science and technology needs strengthening, and massive investments in infrastructure are required, especially for roads and transport, potable water, and electricity.
Supporting small farmers through a combination of aid, education in low-tech methods such as better rice planting and irrigation, and the introduction of better seeds and fertilizer could spark a green revolution. Promotion of Cultivation of large piece of land because it is not possible to expand agricultural output massively without increasing by much the amount of land used.
Africa has 60 per cent of the world’s arable land and adequate water resources, and still most farmers on this continent face two significant hurdles, they have a biological and mechanical disadvantage, they do not have access to the most appropriate genetics and are still farming in traditional ways. 98 percent of local farmers depend on hand held hoes for cultivation… that means 10 men take ten days to prepare one hectare of land. Can you sense urgent need here? Can we feed the whole world in this way?
So I can boldly say if only African land can be maximally utilize we can feed the whole world.
Urgent need to roll out biotech approach to create new crop varieties that offer higher yields but use less water, fertilizers or other inputs, resistant to drought, heat, submersion and pests. Systematic Utilization of some unwanted products into food substance is of paramount importance.
Reduce poverty level- More trade, financial liberalization and open markets should aid the flow of food
Lastly setting out a quota of production expectation by every individual country and creation of end hunger initiatives base on the economic settings of every country.